US Department of Health & Human Services: Smoking

Excerpted from US Department of Health & Human Services Office of Women’s Health

Your health begins to improve the minute you stop smoking, and you begin to lower your long-term risk of many smoking-related diseases. Smoking causes or can contribute to many serious health problems, including:

  • Cancers of the lung, throat, mouth, voice box, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, bladder, cervix, uterus, stomach, and blood
  • Lung diseases
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Atherosclerosis, or hardening and narrowing of the arteries
  • Gum disease
  • Eye diseases that can lead to blindness
  • Osteoporosis and the risk of hip fracture

Smoking also:

  • Makes illnesses last longer
  • Causes more wound infections after surgery
  • Makes it harder to get pregnant